What is a Geopark?

A Geopark is an area with well defined limits, which includes a notorious geological patrimony, associated with a sustainable developing strategy.

A Geopark must own a determinant set of places of international importance, national and/or regional, that allow to tell and learn the geological history of the region. The Geo-sites are places of geological interests with scientific, aesthetic educational or economical values. A Geopark must also give attention to the protection and disclosure of archaeological, ecological, historical and cultural values of the region. 

This strategy of sustainable development rests on three main components, the Geo-preservation, the education and the Geo-Tourism. The Geo-preservation as to do with the objective of keeping save the geological patrimony of a given region for future generations; the education pretends to promote the study of Geo-sciences in cooperation with schools, and with the public in general; The third one, Geo-tourism, pretends to stimulate the creation of economical activities based on the Geo-diversity of the region, involving the local community.

 

Global and European Network of Geoparks

The European Geoparks Network (EGN) was created in the year 2000, by four Geoparks from Germany (Geopark Gerolstein/Vulkaneifel), Spain (Maestrazgo Cultural Park), France (Réserve Géologique de Haute-Provence) and Greece (The Petrified Forest of Lesvos). The four of them have built an independent organization, which counts with the support of UNESCO’S department of Sciences of the earth. This Network, can count now with 69 Geoparks, and has the main objective of sharing strategies and good common practices to preserve the environment and develop the tourism, between Geoparks.  In 2004 the GGN was created, the Global Geopark Network, initially formed by 8 Chinese Geoparks and 17 European,  that were part of EGN at the time. In 2006 Portugal entered the lists of the European and Global Network of Geoparks, with the Naturejo Park of the Meseta Meridional, followed by Arouca’s Park in 2009 and the Geopark Azores in 2013. Nowadays there are 120 Geoparks in the Global and European Network of Geoparks.   

Picture 1 - Constitution of the European Geoparks Network.

Rede Europeia de Geoparques

Nome do Geoparque

País

Reserve Geologique de Haute-Provence

França

Vulkaneifel Geopark

Alemanha

Lesvos Geopark

Grécia

Parque Cultural del Maestrazgo

Espanha

Psiloritis Natural Park

Grécia

Geo and Naturepark TERRA.vita

Alemanha

Copper Coast Geopark

Irlanda

Marble Arch Caves Global Geopark

Irlanda

Madonie Geopark

Itália

Rocca di Cerere Geopark

Itália

Nature Park Steirische Eisenwurzen

Áustria

Bergstrasse-Odenwald Geopark

Alemanha

North Pennines AONB European Geopark

Reino Unido

Luberon, Parc Naturel Regional

França

North West Highlands Geopark

Escócia, UK

Swabian Albs Geopark

Alemanha

Geopark Harz . Braunschweiger Land. Ostfalen

Alemanha

Hateg Country Dinosaurs Geopark

Roménia

Parco Del Beigua

Itália

Fforest Fawr Geopark

Reino Unido

Bohemian Paradise

República Checa

Cabo de Gata – Nijar Natural Park

Andaluzia, Espanha

Naturtejo Geopark

Portugal

Subbeticas Geopark

Andaluzia, Espanha

Sobrarbe Geopark

Aragão, Espanha

Gea Norvegica Geopark

Noruega

Geological, Mining Park of Sardinia

Itália

Papuk Geopark

Croácia

English Riviera Geopark

Reino Unido

Parco Naturale Adamello Brenta

Itália

GeoMôn GeoPark

Wales – UK

Arouca Geopark

Portugal

Geopark Shetland

Escócia – UK

Chelmos – Vouraikos Geopark

Grécia

Novohrad – Nograd Geopark

Hungria – Eslováquia

Magma Geopark

Noruega

Basque Coast Geopark

Espanha

Parco Nazionale del Cilento e Vallo di Diano

Itália

Rokua Geopark

Finlândia

Tuscan Mining Park

Itália

Vikos – Aoos Geopark

Grécia

Muskau Arch Geopark

Alemanha/Polónia

Sierra Norte de Sevilla Natural Park

Espanha

Burren and Cliffs of Moher

Irlanda

Katla Geopark

Islândia

Massif des Bauges Geopark

França

Apuan Alps

Itália

Villuercaas-Ibores-Jara

Espanha

Carnic Alps Geopark

Áustria

Chablais Geopark

França

Central Catalunya Geopark

Espanha

Bakony-Balaton Geopark

Hungria

Azores Geopark

Portugal

Karavanke/Karawanken

Eslovénia & Áustria

Idrija Geopark

Eslovénia

Hondsrug Geopark

Holanda

Sesia - Val Grande Geopark

Itália

Kula Geopark

Turquia

Molina and Alto Tajo Global Geopark

Espanha

El Hierro Geopark

Espanha

Monts d’Ardèche Geopark

França

Ertz der Alpen Geopark

Áustria

Odsherred Geopark

Dinamarca

Terras de Cavaleiros Geopark

Portugal

Lanzarote and Chinijo Islands Geopark

Espanha

Reykjanes Global Geopark

Islândia

Geopark of Pollino

Itália

Sítia Geopark

Grécia

Troodos Geopark

Chipre

Causses du Quercy

França

Las Loras

Espanha
 
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