The Geopark Terras de Cavaleiros has a vast historical, archaeological and artistic heritage throughout its territory. It is evident in public buildings, private and religious, old bridges, pillars, dive sources, among others.

The headquarters of the territory of the Global Geopark Terras de Cavaleiros is in Macedo de Cavaleiros, with an area of 699.2 km2, 15766 inhabitants corresponding to a population density of 22.6 inhabitants / Km2 (Census 2011). With 30 parishes and 68 villages, it is one of 12 municipalities in the district of Bragança. As far as the distribution of the active population is concerned by the three sectors of activity, there is a majority affectation to the tertiary sector, in relation to the secondary and primary sectors.

In northeast Transmontane, Macedo de Cavaleiros is a land of solars located in a fertile valley, next to the Mountain range of Bornes. In the 18th century, one of the main activities in the region was the creation of silkworms, which are witnessed by the ruins of the Chacim Royal Filial, which are expected to be reused under the "European Silk Road", of which Macedo de Cavaleiros is Headquarters in Portugal.

The denomination of "Terras de Cavaleiros" (Lands of Knights) results from the junction of the word "lands", which appears as a medieval allusion and the vastness of the territory, and the word "knights" given the strength and history associated with the heroic act of the knight Martim Gonçalves de Macedo, who in 1385 in the Battle of Aljubarrota, saved from death the Master of Avis, future King João I, King of Portugal.

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